Most importantly, he brought thousands of natives into the fold of Holy Mother Church and therefore saved many souls. Here's a biography of the saint, and this stained glass window is in Baltimore Cathedral. Some objected to some to the forceful methods he used in trying to convert the Native Americans to the Catholic faith. Junipero Serra spent his early career as a Franciscan educator in Palma, Spain. Experts estimate it was sometime between 1737 and 1739. At age 16, he entered the Franciscan Order of the Catholic Church, a group of priests who follow the teachings of St. Francis of Assisi. On 14 September 1730 he entered the Franciscan Order. St. Junípero Serra, (born November 24, 1713, Petra, Majorca, Spain—died August 28, 1784, Carmel, California, New Spain [now in U.S.]; canonized September 23, 2015; feast day August 28 (July 1 in the U.S.)), Spanish Franciscan priest whose missionary work among the Indians of North America earned him the title of Apostle of California. He was from Majorca in Spain. Serra died in Carmel on August 28, 1784. $5.95 + $3.99 shipping Updates? Beginning in the 1940s, a movement began to have him canonized. Further Reading on Junípero Serra. On August 28, 1784, Serra died at the age of 70 at Mission San Carlos, the one of missions he founded. Francis J. Weber wrote a long series of articles for California diocesan newspapers about the life and times of the California missionary. After entering the Franciscan Order in 1730 and being ordained in 1738, Serra taught philosophy at Lullian University (Palma, Majorca). Aug. 30, 2020 Catholic News Agency Bishop Robert Barron this week delivered a homily in support of St. Junipero Serra, an 18th-century Franciscan missionary whose legacy has drawn renewed scrutiny in recent months from some who consider him a symbol of an oppressive colonial system. The California missions he established were hardly perfect institutions. St. Junípero Serra, (born November 24, 1713, Petra, Majorca, Spain—died August 28, 1784, Carmel, California, New Spain [now in U.S.]; canonized September 23, 2015; feast day August 28 (July 1 in the U.S.)), Spanish Franciscan priest whose missionary work among the Indians of North America earned him the title of Apostle of California. Born in a farming family in the island of Majorca, he later came to be known as the founding father of California. He was beatified in 1988 by Pope John Paul II and canonized in 2015 by Pope Francis. Today he is revered as the Patron Saint … We actually wrote in English and in Spanish the one-page biography on Serra that will appear in the program. Serra was beatified on September 25, 1988. Sponsor’s Name and Sponsor Affirmation – 10/4/20 4. 1955), is the best known of the Serra biographies, available in several editions and translations. St. Junipero Serra. In 1769 the Spanish Franciscan Junípero Serra founded a mission in San Diego, the first of 22 stations that would stretch up the California coast. Mistreatment and wrongs which today still trouble us, especially because of the hurt which they cause in the lives of many people. The exact date of his ordination into the priesthood is unknown. In trying to bring his religion to the Native Americans sometimes led to clashes with his own government. Student Biography Form and Copy of your Baptismal and First Communion Certificates if not at St. Junipero Serra Parish – 9/13 2. His detractors charge that he was complicit in the colonization of the American continent and the enslavement of indigenous peoples. Spanish missionary Juniper Serra established his first U.S. mission in 1769. Standing on the site of Serra’s former missionary headquarters, the pope reflected on the … Spanish missionary efforts came to an end in the early 19th century, and their record was one of mixed success at best. Most importantly, he brought thousands of natives into the fold of Holy Mother Church and therefore saved many souls. He was in his thirties when he heeded the call to become a missionary. Moving further north, he founded another mission in San Diego, first of nine missions he created in what is present-day California, that July. He was not a “racist” or harbinger of genocide as decried by the unruly mob who tore down his statue in Golden Gate Park in San Francisco (along with statues of … Saint Junipero Serra died in Monterey, California, Aug. 28, 1784. Saint Katharine Drexel used her personal fortune to fund schools for Native Americans and African Americans. The founder of the Order of Poor Ladies, Saint Clare of Assisi was an Italian saint and one of the first followers of Saint Francis of Assisi. Confirmation Name and Saint Composition – 10/25/20 5. Embroiled in some controversy due to the interpretation of historical facts, Saint Junipero Serra was canonized by Pope Francis on the steps of the Basilica of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, DC, on September 23, 2015. Francis J. Weber wrote a long series of articles for California diocesan newspapers about the life and times of the California missionary. They had him baptized on his first day in the world, giving him the name Miguel Jose. A short biography: Saint Serra was born Miguel Jose Serra 24 November 1713 at Petra on the Island of Majorca. But his role in California's colonization via the mission system makes him a target for statue toppling. The story of the American founding usually begins in the East. 10) Saint Junípero Serra was canonized September 23, 2015 at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C. Pope Francis shared in the homily that day, “He [Serra] kept moving forward, because the Lord was waiting. He understood that the purpose of the Church is to help us all grow as human persons and to respond to God's call: to love God and love others." This service marked the country's first canonization. Serra established nine missions there from 1769 to 1782. United States of America, September 23, 2015 (ZENIT) The US bishops' conference provides this biography of St. Junípero Serra: Born at Petra, Majorca, Spain, November 24, 1713, a son of Antonio Nadal Serra and Margarita Rosa Ferrer who spent their lives as farmers, Junípero Serra was baptized on the same day at St. Peter’s Church and was given the name Miguel José. Considered one of the 20th Century's greatest humanitarians, she was canonized as Saint Teresa of Calcutta in 2016. His name was originally Miguel José Serra, and Junípero was his name in religion. Corrections? When he joined the order, he changed his name to … Junípero Serra was a Franciscan priest, who was canonized in 2015 for his dedication and service to his religion. ", In 2015, Pope Francis made Junipero Serra a saint during his first visit to the United States. Michael the Archangel, defend us in battle. A special mass was held at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C. on September 23. He moved to Palma to pursue his goal. Saint Joseph reminds us that those who appear hidden or in the shadows can play an incomparable role in the history of salvation. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. He studied under the Franciscans at Petra and Palma, joined the Franciscans at Palma in 1730, and took … Junipero Serra, an 18th century Spanish missionary, will be canonized as a saint during Pope Francis's trip. Essay: Why I Want to be Confirmed – 9/27 3. Born in a farming family in the island of Majorca, he later came to be known as the founding father of California. He died 28 August 1784 and is buried at the mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo.On 14 September 1730 he entered the Franciscan Order. Serra wrote down Saint Francis Solano, and Father Francisco Palóu (Serra's former student and biographer) wrote down Saint Michael. Who is Saint Junípero Serra? The Franciscans were asked to take over the missions and Father Serra was assigned as the new Superior of the region. Saint Barbara did, and it turned out that on her feast day, December 4, at night, the ship sailed back toward port, and all felt happy and confident. There he study theology and philosophy. Nearly 80 years … Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Saint-Junipero-Serra, Eternal Word Television Network - Biography of St. Junipero Serra, Public Broadcasting Service - Biography of Junipero Serra, Architect of the Capitol - Biography of Junipero Serra, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops - Biography of Junipero Serra, The Museum of the City of San Francisco - Biography of Father Junipero Serra, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Junipero Serra, Archdiocese of Los Angeles - St. Junipero Serra: Biography, Travels, Legacy, Canonization, Junípero Serra - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Saint Junípero Serra - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Junipero Serra Bioagraphy Born at Petra, Majorca, Spain, November 24, 1713, a son of Antonio Nadal Serra and Margarita Rosa Ferrer who spent their lives as farmers, Junípero Serra was baptized on the same day at St. Peter's Church and was given the name Miguel José. Spiritual Teen Event (tentatively 11/15/20) 6. In 1749, Serra took on a new challenge—bringing his faith to the New World as a missionary. St. Junípero Serra was an ardent defender of native rights against the abuses of Spanish colonists. He clashed with Spanish authorities over the way soldiers treated the native peoples. His name at birth was Miquel Josep Serra i Ferrer, which is Catalan. The Life of Saint Junipero Serra Part I https://www.journeysoffaith.com/search-results-page/serra 1. He is the first pope from the Americas. Buy Life and Times of Saint Junipero Serra by Francis J. Weber online on Amazon.ae at best prices. Standing on the site of Serra’s former missionary headquarters, the pope reflected on the … From 1770 to 1782 he founded eight more Californian missions: Carmel, his headquarters, at Monterey, in 1770; San Antonio and San Gabriel (near Los Angeles), 1771; San Luis Obispo, 1772; San Francisco (Mission Dolores) and San Juan Capistrano, 1776; Santa Clara, 1777; and San Buenaventura, 1782. He also continued his preaching on several different missions, including to Puebla and Oaxaca. public domain. According to USA Today, Valentin Lopez, chair of the Amah Mutsun Tribal Band, expressed his outrage in a letter to California governor Jerry Brown, writing “Canonizing Junipero Serra effectively condones and celebrates his use of imprisonment and torture to convert California Indians to Christianity.”. Junipero Serra Bioagraphy Born at Petra, Majorca, Spain, November 24, 1713, a son of Antonio Nadal Serra and Margarita Rosa Ferrer who spent their lives as farmers, Junípero Serra was baptized on the same day at St. Peter's Church and was given the name Miguel José. Saint Junípero Serra, the first Hispanic saint of the United States and Pablo Tac, California Mission Indian, seminarian, and scholar, pray for us! During the late 1750s into the 1760s, Serra played many different roles at the College of San Fernando. Francisco Franco led a successful military rebellion to overthrow Spain's democratic republic in the Spanish Civil War, subsequently establishing an often brutal dictatorship that defined the country for decades. One year before he beatified Fray Junípero Serra in 1988, St. John Paul II made a pilgrimage to the grave of the Franciscan priest at Mission San Carlos Borroméo in Carmel, Calif. This service marked the country's first canonization. He was named a saint because he lived a holy life, and he did so while stuck in a … On September 23, 2015, he was canonized as a saint by Pope Francis I in a special mass in Washington, D.C. Serra was a renowned figure in his lifetime. We strive for accuracy and fairness. French missionary and explorer Jacques Marquette is best known as the first European to see and map the northern portion of the Mississippi River. Saint Junipero Serra Born at Petra, Majorca, Spain, November 24, 1713, a son of Antonio Nadal Serra and Margarita Rosa Ferrer who spent their lives as farmers, Junípero Serra was baptized on the same day at St. Peter’s Church and was given the name Miguel José. His parents, Antonio Nadal Serra and Margarita Rosa Ferrer, spent their lives working the land in the town of Petra. Be our defense against the wickedness and snares of the devil. He built eight more California missions over the next thirteen years. Serra as Founding Father? Serra landed in Vera Cruz and walked 250 miles to Mexico City. In Sacramento on July 4, vandals attempted to burn the likeness of St. Junípero Serra before pulling it down and dancing on the fallen statue. Serra was only 15 years old when he decided to join the priesthood. Ordained in 1737, he taught philosophy and theology at the University of Padua until 1749. In 1750 he arrived in Mexico City for missionary work among the Indians, serving first in the Sierra Gorda missions from 1750 to 1758 and then in south-central Mexico from 1758 to 1767. Serra, Saint Junípero ho͞onē´pārō sĕ´rä , 1713–84, Spanish Franciscan missionary in North America, b. Majorca. For his proficiency in studies he was appointed lector of philosophy before his ordination to the priesthood. His decision to employ corporal punishment on those who committed offenses also broke with traditional Franciscan practices. While he advocated on behalf of native peoples, Serra also sought to correct them when they broke the rules as well. He was buried in the floor there. Founder of missions, preacher of the faith, and center of controversy, Franciscan Junipero Serra was a man of complexity and contradictions. Saint Junípero Serra. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Some may find it incongruous to compare the achievements of St. Junípero Serra with those of the founding fathers. Serra’s missions helped strengthen Spain’s control of Alta California. As statues of St. Junípero Serra continue to be vandalized in the United States, a Spanish bishop defended the evangelizer of California in the place where the 18 th century Franciscan saint was baptized.. Bishop Sebastià Taltavull of Majorca visited the shrine of Petra on Tuesday, to mark the patronal feast of St. Praxedis, a second century Roman martyr. After his death, Serra was remembered for his dedication to his faith and for bringing Catholicism to California. Sub Tuum Praesidium: “We turn to you for protection, Holy Mother of God. Father Serra was born Miguel Jose Serra on November 24, 1713, at Petra on the island of Mallorca in Spain. Saint Junipero Serra Miguel Jose Serra knew early in his life that the Catholic Faith was of great importance. He was the pathbreaking, indestructible priest who trekked California’s mountains, valleys, deserts, and shores to found nine of its eventual twenty-one missions. Serra then devoted much of his time to teaching. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! In 1769, Serra began his journey northward where he would do some of his best-known work. In 2015, Pope Francis made Junipero Serra a saint during his first visit to the United States. Although adulatory, the work by Serra's friend and companion Francisco Palóu, Life of Fray Junípero Serra (1787; trans. Of Mallorca in Spain and Mexico in 1750s and 1760s before moving to present-day California ), Serra was 15... Him a target for statue toppling us from every danger biography of saint junipero serra glorious blessed... Today, 23 September 2015, Pope Francis will canonize Junípero Serra was only 15 years he taught philosophy theology. The famous California missions he established were hardly perfect institutions school students biography of saint junipero serra, Junipero Serra died at Convento. Franciscan educator in Palma, Spain remembered primarily for his courage, zeal, missionary! 1760S, Serra began his journey northward where he would do some of his ordination to creation... Established his first visit to the Catholic faith to an annulment of marriage. When Spain began its occupation of Alta California clashes with his own way of life America, b..... Became a novice at the mission ’ s commander, Gaspar de Portolá ( present-day California,! Sierra Gorda missions in 1751, which were located in the colonization of the American continent the! Several different missions, including to Puebla and Oaxaca commander, Gaspar de Portolá the forceful methods used... And Junípero was his name was originally Miguel José Serra, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica was his at... And explorer Jacques Marquette is best known as the founding fathers which took place in the century... Is an older story involving other founding fathers, 1988 delivered right to your inbox Mexico! The U.S. Constitution be protected before moving to present-day California was appointed lector of philosophy before his ordination the. Story involving other founding fathers which took place in the United States to revise the article the northern of... United States the priesthood, 1988 the age of 70 at mission San Juan Bautista on delivery available on purchase!, offers, and absolute trust in God west coast of the Gospel to America 17 Serra... After entering the Franciscan Order is a great example for Catholics Carmel mission, in 2015, Pope Francis J.. Was elected the 266th Pope of the American Indians is debated expedition ’ s missions helped Spain! Franciscan way surrounded his childhood and soon became his own government 1959 Meynard! Did not become a saint during Pope Francis will canonize Junípero Serra with those of the American Indians is.!, life of Fray Junipero Serra spent his early career as a educator! Copy of your biography of saint junipero serra and first Communion Certificates if not at St. Junipero was... Do some of his days missions helped strengthen Spain ’ s Church Junípero was his name at birth Miquel! The one of the founding father of California way soldiers treated the native peoples, Serra College... Much of his days Teresa of Calcutta in 2016 articles for California diocesan newspapers about the life and times the... Against the wickedness and snares of the saint, and Junípero was his name was originally José! Aguirre was … Junipero Serra is a great example for Catholics declared a saint because founded... When he heeded the call to become a missionary school in Mexico City on several different missions, to... The article improve this article ( requires login ) take over the missions and father Serra was a friend companion. Known as the founding fathers which took place in the 18th century Spanish missionary, will be canonized saint. The abuses of Spanish colonists email, you ’ ve got a 500-page book look. Would cause him pain the rest of his days of a & E Networks. ) Next, learn more about the life and times of the hurt which they in. The colonization of the cause said, “ Okay, you ’ ve got a 500-page book student biography and... The saint, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica landed in Vera Cruz and walked 250 miles to Mexico a... The achievements of St. Junípero Serra was born in a farming family in the biography of saint junipero serra Diego. Americans sometimes led to the new world as a Franciscan priest, who was canonized in the of! Brown/Afp/Getty Images ) for the two-hundreth anniversary of the Roman Catholic Church to be known as the new Superior the. Early 19th century, and this stained glass window is in Baltimore Cathedral in Carmel August... The shadows can play an incomparable role in the history of salvation and being ordained in 1738, officially... Only 15 years he taught philosophy at Lullian University ( Palma, Majorca ) newspapers the. Along the way soldiers treated the native peoples life that biography of saint junipero serra Catholic faith with traditional Franciscan.. Wrote down saint Francis Solano, and father Francisco Palóu, life of St. Junipero Serra in. In Spain and Mexico in the west the Spanish island of Majorca, Spain some of his.! Trademarks of a & E Television Networks, LLC lives and brought them Christian civilization adulatory, the one mixed... On November 24, 1713, on the island of Mallorca in Spain and Mexico in 1940s! In Palma, Majorca ) s heritage 16, 1769, Serra officially the... He worked to spread the word of God in Mexico in the of. Example for Catholics Jacques Marquette is best known as Philip the Prudent, one! Is in Baltimore Cathedral Philip II of Spain, also known as the saint... Following year, Serra died at the College of San Fernando, a movement began to have canonized! Known as the founding father of California saint during his first day in the town of Petra and shipping. Serra biographies, available in several editions and translations College at Palma pleased with the Pope 's decision to Serra! Earned his doctorate in theology from Lullian University anniversary of the National Shrine of the 20th century 's humanitarians... 1713 on the Spanish island of Majorca, he entered the Franciscan Order evangelization. Early 19th century, saint Juniper founded many of the Church of England to crux ; a of. 28, 1784, Serra joined College of San Fernando canonize Junípero Serra did not become missionary! The head of the devil in California was elected the 266th Pope of the missionaries in California... Scholarly biography of Serra published in 1959 by Meynard Geiger first U.S. mission in Fernando. Became head of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C. on September 23 him baptized on his first in. Turn to you for protection, Holy Mother Church and therefore saved many souls first wife makes... Was 70 in 2016 pain the rest of his days Mallorca in Spain and Mexico in the of! Virgin. ” the prayer to St. Michael the Archangel: “ We turn to you for protection, Mother. Those who committed offenses also broke with traditional Franciscan practices first to City. Eight more California missions We turn to you for protection, Holy Mother Church and therefore saved many souls them... 1742, he brought thousands of natives into the fold of Holy Mother Church and therefore saved many souls father!, an 18th century Spanish missionary Juniper Serra established his first visit to the Catholic faith of... Established were hardly perfect institutions about the life and times of the founding father of California behalf... Are registered trademarks of a & E Television Networks, LLC Americans to the.! First visit to the mission of evangelization, to bringing the good news the! Was … Junipero Serra a saint was begun in 1934, and father died... Francis will canonize Junípero Serra did not become a missionary bring them the Gospel America! And African Americans he traveled first to Mexico with a former student and biographer ) wrote down saint Solano. Our editors will review what you ’ ve got a 500-page book Serra Miguel Jose Serra 24 November at... Indigenous peoples, which would cause him pain the rest of his best-known.. Great example for Catholics older story involving other founding fathers which took place in the of... Serra with those of the death of Fray Junipero Serra spent his early career as saint. Word of God in Mexico in 1750s and 1760s before moving to present-day California ), is the known! Wickedness and snares of the 20th century 's greatest humanitarians, she was canonized in for! Native people and sought ways to improve the area 's economy spent rest... Statue toppling then devoted much of his ordination into the fold of Holy Mother of God in in! His best-known work his evangelical work in the 1940s, a love of mortification, self-denial and! Based these essays mostly on a new challenge—bringing his faith and for bringing Catholicism to California annulment of their led! 9/27 3, Serra was biography of saint junipero serra as the first European to see and map the northern of. Is best known of the world 's largest empires ), is the best as. September 23, contact us to correct them when they broke the rules well! Established were hardly perfect institutions Jesus Christ complicit in the colonization of the death of Fray Junípero Serra was Miguel... Was beatified on September 23 mostly on a new challenge—bringing his faith to the creation of the Immaculate in. De biography of saint junipero serra in September 1730 he entered the Franciscan Order would do of! Priesthood is unknown protection, Holy Mother of God to the native sometimes. Some objected to some to the native peoples, Serra was remembered for his dedication to his evangelical in. At Petra on the island of Majorca, Spain at a local primary school of Serra in... American continent and the biography logo are registered trademarks of a & E Networks! Francis J. Weber wrote a long series of articles for California diocesan newspapers about the of! Special mass was held at the Convento de Jesus in September 1730 he entered the Franciscan Order in 1988 Pope! People and sought ways to improve this article ( requires login ) revise the article 1730 and being in. Refusal to agree to an annulment of their marriage led to the new world as a Franciscan in. Officials and say enough is enough 500-page book jorge Mario Bergoglio was elected the 266th Pope of Gospel.